Description: A manuscript reports the results of an original full-length study. An article has a comprehensive narrative that includes introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, and references.
Abstract: Limited to 250 words without key words.
Word Limit: Limited to 6,500 words excluding abstract, references, tables, figures, and their legends.
Tables & Figures: The total number of tables and figures for main text is limited to 8.
References guideline: Limited to 60 references. Please use the most important and relevant references if possible.
Supplemental information: Supplemental information on less important materials, methods, data (tables and figures) is allowed.
Description: A review should comprehensively and systematically analyze and discuss the existing literature related to a specific topic. Expert synthesis, assessment, future direction, and challenges are expected.
Generally, a review article should have an introduction to provide the rationale for the review, followed by sections with appropriate subheadings, and a perspective section at the end. The standard headings (acknowledgement, contributions, competing interests, funding) are also required. All invited reviews will undergo peer review prior to acceptance. Before conceiving and writing a review, it is encouraged to consult the Editor-in-Chief first.
Abstract: Limited to 250 words.
Word Limit: Limited to 6,000 words, excluding abstract, references, figures, and tables.
Tables & Figures: Limited to 5 tables and/or figures
References guideline: Limited to 100 references.
Supplemental information: Optional.
Description: A report of a study that focuses on a new method, technique, or technology that is widely useful and likely to impact the way we do research. Some technical details and recommendations for applying the method are recommended.
Abstract: Limited to 200 words.
Word Limit: Limited to 3,000 words excluding abstract, references, figures, and tables.
Tables & Figures: Limited to 6 tables and/or figures.
References guideline: Limited to 40 references.
Supplemental information: Supplemental information on lesser important materials, methods, data (tables and figures) are allowed.
Description: An authoritative, timely opinion on an issue or a paper; it is usually written or invited by the Editor-in-Chief.
Abstract: Not related.
Word Limit: Limited to 1,000 words excluding references.
Tables & Figures: Limited to 2 tables and/or figures.
References guideline: Limited to 5 references.
Supplemental information: Optional.
Description: A perspective article expresses an opinion or a new perspective about existing research on a particular topic. Perspectives propose and support a new hypothesis, discuss the implications of a newly implemented innovation, or present unique viewpoints on existing problems, fundamental concepts, or prevalent notions on a specific topic. A Perspective article may focus on current advances and future directions on a topic and may include original data.
Abstract: Not related.
Word Limit: Limited to 3,000 words excluding abstract, references and figure legends.
Tables & Figures: Limited to 4 tables and/or figures.
References guideline: Limited to 40 references.
Supplemental information: Optional.
Word limits are provided for guidance only. The Editors will consider submissions that exceed the recommended limit, subject to feedback received during peer review.
FOOD & AGRIBUSINESS MANAGEMENT | Submissions
World Languages, Literature and Cultural Studies | Submissions
Tropical Agrobiodiversity | Submissions
MALAYSIAN BUSINESS MANAGEMENT JOURNAL | Submissions
Sustainability in Food and Agriculture | Submissions
Economic Growth and Environment Sustainability | Submissions
Tropical Agroecosystems | Submissions
SOCIO ECONOMY AND POLICY STUDIES | Submissions
REVIEWS IN FOOD AND AGRICULTURE | Submissions
CULTURAL COMMUNICATION AND SOCIALIZATION JOURNAL | Submissions
FOOD AND AGRI ECONOMICS REVIEW | Submissions
MALAYSIAN E COMMERCE JOURNAL | Submissions
PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND SOIL CHEMISTRY | Submissions
MATERIALS & CORROSION ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT | Submissions
Malaysian Animal Husbandry Journal | Submissions
INWASCON Technology Magazine | Submissions
Advances in Culture and Arts | Submissions
ADVANCES IN INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT | Submissions
Medicina Academica Mostariensia | Submissions
Ecofeminism and Climate Change | Submissions
Malaysian Mental Health Journal | Submissions
JOURNAL OF ROCK ART | Submissions
The articles that are published should have the following components in the order stated.
· Title page
· Materials and methods
· Author contributions
· Figure legends
Click here to download a Manuscript Templatefor First Submission (i.e. not revised manuscripts)
· The title of the manuscript and whether it is an original submission or a re-submission;
· A highlight that contains 3 to 5 short sentences to state core findings of the research described in the paper;
· All authors agree with the submission;
· The work has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere, including in another form or language;
· Please declare all figures, tables and data that are reproduced from other publications;the authors have to obtain an authorization from the copyright holders (usually the Publishers) for using them, and should include this authorization form with their submission;
· Please state if the word counts conform to the required word limits;
· Statement of Conflict of Interests.
The submitted materials should contain: (1) Cover letter; (2) Manuscript; (3) Supplementary materials if the manuscript has.
For first submissions (i.e. not revised manuscripts), we strongly suggest you to insert all figures and tables into an appropriate position (the same or next page of the first citation) in the main text (Microsoft Word) to facilitate the reviewing process. The figure legends, and table captions should be inserted immediately above or below the figures and tables, respectively. Supplementary materials should be appended to the end of the References, with the supplemental tables and figures being embedded or stand alone. Finally, the manuscript should include continuous line number and page number to facilitate commenting. Manuscripts with such a format will expedite the reviewing process.
If your supplemental materials contain data sets (e.g. excel files) that are hard to be enclosed in an all-inclusive single file, you have two other options: (1) submit a single a master file in the format as mentioned above, plus one or several data files (in excel) that could not be incorporated into the master file; (2) submit all your files separately. In both cases, the file submission system will generate a single PDF file with the data (in excel) to be hyperlinked. Eventually, the manuscript should be in a single PDF that contains all Figures, Tables, Supplementary materials, and hyperlinked data for reviewing.
For the revised manuscript, we suggest you submit the manuscript text, tables and figures, supplementary files separately. Your submission should include:
· a rebuttal letter;
· marked-up version of the manuscript (Word) with no figures;
· clean (non-highlighted) version of the manuscript;
· Figures with a resolution of 300 dpi or above are expected;
· Supplementary files (Word or Excel) are anticipated.
Regardless of whether this is the first submission or re-submission, this is the first-time submission or a re-submission, more detailed and general information for preparing a manuscript is elucidated in the next section titled “Detailed requirements”.
Before submitting your manuscript, please check your submission for the following:
(1) The submission of all authors to the file system The full names of all authors should be entered into the file system in the same order as shown in the manuscript. Contact information including institution, address and official e-mail addresses must be provided. Please use organization email account as official author email addresses if possible, such as firstname.lastname@example.org.
(2) Title Page The title page should include a succinct title (less than 250 characters), a very concise running title (which should be less than 50 character, for example, Plant Immune Mechanisms), the full names of all authors including their given names, the affiliations and location (including city, state, country and zip/post code) of all authors, the full name, and official email address(es) of the corresponding author(s).
(3) Abstract A brief abstract up to 250 words should state the background and purpose of the research, methods (or rationale), main results and findings, and brief conclusions of the study. The abstract should not contain abbreviations or references and should not be structured.
(4) Introduction should provide a background on the research topic, and a focused literature review that includes known and controversial findings, challenging issues, and the hypothesis on this research. At the end, briefly summarize the materials and methods as well as the research rationale. Note that the Introduction should not contain results or conclusions.
(5) Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures, usually matching the order as described in Materials and Methods. Repeated presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided. The Results should not include a lengthy discussion.
(6) Discussion The results should not be restated in the Discussion, but can be recapitulated to support or rebut existing hypotheses, conceived assumptions, or true facts stated in the introduction or literature. The Discussion should compare and relate the new or major findings in the Results to the existing body of knowledge in the field, in terms of improvement or further advance of current knowledge and technologies (Methods paper), and overall significance and contribution to the field as well as the future research focuses that stemmed from this study.
(7) Conclusions A short conclusion of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, or at the end of the Discussion section.
(8) Materials and methods should be described in sufficient detail to allow the research work to be reliably reproduced in another laboratory, and to leave the readers in no doubt as to how the results were derived. Please also remember to include a section of “Statistical Analysis” where the statistical methods with enough details including threshold cut-off are provided to enable an appraisal of the work and an analysis of the data to reproduce the results. When the total word number exceeds the limit, it is suggested to check the redundance in Introduction, Results, and Discussion for removal rather than to briefly describe the methods without providing sufficient details. In a circumstance where it is difficult to compress other sections, some detailed methods, especially those that are routinely used in most laboratories, can be placed into the Electronic Supplemental Information.
(9) Electronic supplementary information a. All lesser significant figures, tables, and procedures that support the main body of key results and conclusions in the text should be included as Electronic Supplementary Information and uploaded as a separate file (PDF) at the same time of manuscript submission. b. The availability of Electronic supplementary information should be mentioned in a separate paragraph in the manuscript, placed immediately before the References, as: “Electronic Supplementary Information”.
(10) Acknowledgments should include the funding agency and grant number which provided other resources. Individuals who have contributed to make the research possible, but not sufficiently quantified to be authors should also be included in this section.
(11) Conflict of interest A statement must be included for all contributing authors who are involved in various kinds of conflicts. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid expert testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other resources which may potentially influence the decision derived from this research. If no conflict of interest is declared, the following statement should be declared in the manuscript: “The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
(12) Author contributions Contribution by all co-authors should be stated, and all authors should agree with the author contributions statement. After the submission, it is rare to allow change the order of author contribution or add new authors unless significant revision is made and additional research data are analyzed after submission.
(13) Citations in Text
1. Finally, forests play a leading role in the global cycling of energy, carbon, water and nutrients[4-7].
2. For the past millennia, the livelihood of humans has largely depended on forest resources, but these resources are not inexhaustible[2,3].
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list. Authors should ensure the accuracy of references, and are encouraged to use EndNote or other reference manager in writing the MS. Only one citation should appear within each reference number. If more than one reference is cited in one place, please separate the numbers by commas with one space.
If the Endnote is used in writing your manuscript, please use the Endnote style file (Click to download), you may download it from the Endnote’s website and then open the downloaded file by double-clicks, then save it with the given name or a new given name. After that, it should appear in the Endnote’s output style list in your Word.
List numbered references in the Literature Cited with numerals and period, without parentheses.
Include the following information (in this order):
Name(s) of author(s), last name first, followed by initials without periods. Include both (or all)
initials for each author whenever they were included in the original article or book. Do not leave space between initials. Do not use a comma between surnames and initials—use commas only to separate different authors’ names. If a given reference has seven or more authors, list the first five, then type “et al.” in the bibliography. If a reference has five or fewer authors, list them all.
Year of publication of the article or book, followed by a period, with no parentheses. If the article has recently been accepted for publication and is actually in press, list it in the Literature Cited section. Provide journal title and expected year of publication, plus volume and pages when known.
Title of article or chapter (see above for the policy of individual Annual Reviews journals regarding whether to include titles of articles or chapters).
Title of journal (abbreviated unless only one word) or book (not abbreviated unless part of a periodical series), e.g., J. Immunol.
For a book reference, name(s) of editor(s).
Volume number, then a colon and inclusive page numbers; if there is no volume number, inclusive page numbers preceded by a comma and “pp.” Do not repeat hundreds digit unless needed, e.g., 3–10, 71–77, 100–9, 331–35, 1002–3, 1198–202, 1536–38. The issue number can be included in parentheses immediately following the volume if necessary, e.g., 10(4):123–30.
For a book reference, place of publication, name of publisher, and edition, if necessary.
Author. Year. Title. Journal Volume|:Pages
1. West GB, Brown JH, Enquist BJ. 2001. A general model for ontogenetic growth. Nature 413:628−63
2. Zeng Y, Ye S, Yu W, Wu S, Hou W, et al. 2014. Genetic linkage map construction and QTL identification of juvenile growth traits in Torreya grandis. BMC Genetics 15:S2
Author. Year. Title|. pp Pages|. Place Published|: Publisher|. Number of Pages pp.
3. Boddy L, Hiscox J, Gilmartin EC et al. 2017. Wood decay communities in angiosperm wood. In The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem, Fourth Edition, eds. Dighton J, White JF, 32:619. Boca Raton: CRC Press. pp. 169−89
Author. Year. Title. In Book Title|, ed. Editor|, Volume|:Pages|. Place Published|: Publisher|. Number of Pages pp|.
4. Myles S, Liu D, 2004. The apple genome sheds light on the evolution of Rosaceae, ed. A Smith, Vol. 15, Atlanta: Maximum Academic Press. pp. 66-78.
Inventor. Year. Country| Patent No. Patent Number
5. Denecker J, Hoeberichts F, Muhlenbock P, Van Breusegem F, Van Der Kelen K. 2013. U.S. Means and methods for the reduction of photorespiration in crops. WO Patent No. 2014147249A1.
Theses and Dissertations:
Author. Year. Title|. Thesis Type|. University|, Place Published|. Number of Pages pp.
6. Daniell D, 2005. Alternative oxidase is involved in the pathogenicity, development, and oxygen stress response of Botrytis cinerea, Thesis, University of Washington. U.S. pp. 55-78.
Author. Year Published. Title|. Proc. Conference Name|, Edition, Conference Location, Year of Conference|, Volume|:Pages|. Place Published|: Publisher
7. Mohan Jain S. 2013. Mutation-assisted breeding for improving ornamental plants. Proc. XXII International Eucarpia Symposium, Section Ornamentals, Breeding for Beauty, Thuringia, 2013, 714:85-98. Thuringia: Tuorix Press
Author. Year. Title. Magazine Volume|:Pages
8. Hong Y. 2008. Phospholipas Is Involved in the Hyperosmotic Response in Arabidopsis. Agronomy Magazine 20:14−16
(15) Tables and Figures
Authors should submit tables and figures with clear contents. Tables and Figures should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals as Table 1, 2, 3 and Figure 1, 2, 3.
- Figures/tables should be supplied as single files for each.
- Lettering on figures should be in font Times New Roman, and font size should be 8 ~10 pt
- The minimum line width for figures should be 0.4 pt.
- The composite Figures should be labled as Figure 1a, 1b, 1c, etc. with a, b, and c clearly labeled in each panel.
- Any color images should be saved in RGB color mode at 300 dpi or higher resolution.
- Any mono lineart should be saved in gray mode at 600 dpi.
- TIFF, EPS, JPG and PDF files are the preferred format. It is recommended that you generate your figures in JPEG format before converting them to PDFs or uploading individual files. This will reduce the file sizes and enable you to obtain the figures close to the requirements.
- Tables should be in editable format. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.
- Table and figure legends should be placed immediately above or below each, respectively. All designations in the tables or figures should use lower case alphabet, in the order of a, b, c.
- Supplementary figures/tables should be cited/numbered consecutively in the main text.
- Supplementary figures/tables should be supplied as single files for each.
- The content in supplementary figures/tables should be clear enough to read
- TIFF, EPS, JPG and PDF are the preferred format for supplementary figures
- PDF is the preferred format for supplementary tables, but it is acceptable if any large table in excel file.
(16) Sharing of research data, software and protocols
The journal encourages authors to share data that supports their research publication wherever it is appropriate, by interlinking the data with their published articles. Research data refer to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate re-productivity and data reuse, the journal also encourages authors to share their software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project. Genome and single cell sequence data, transcriptome, metabolome and other big data set must be deposited to a reliable and permanent repository before the paper will be published. Unavailability may result in a retraction of the published paper.
(17) Language Editing
Authors need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood so that editors and reviewers can accurately assess the work presented in the manuscript. Language Editing Service can assist authors improving and polishing the language of the manuscript, but authors need pay the costs themselves.
If you are an author whose native language is not English—or you have any concerns regarding the language quality of your manuscript—we recommend having your manuscript professionally edited by a qualified English-speaking researcher in your field prior to submission.
Please use the provided link to receive the special 10% off when you check out with Emate Editing.
Please note that the use of language editing does not guarantee your manuscript will be peer reviewed or accepted for publication by our journals.
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